Grupul de Economie Aplicată (GEA), , Manual de evaluare a competitivității regionale, București, p. 5. Local economical development principles. Manual de supravie_uire si crestere a firmelor în condi_iile economiei de pia_a, Grupul de Economie Aplicata(GEA- The Applied Economy Group), Manual de . Matematică aplicată în economie: manual de studiu individual by Tatiana Corina Dosescu(Book) 1 edition published in in Romanian and held by 2.
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He offered a definition of competitive agglomeration clusterstaken as a standard option by most of the literature on this topic: The potential clusters were identified in the textile industry from Timis and Bacau counties, software sector from Timisoara, Cluj and Bucharest, woodworking in Mures, in the chemical industry, metal products, general purpose machinery and engines form Brasov, and the local clusters in different manuall such as – leather and footwear, electrical components, telecommunications equipment and radio and TV.
Finally, some clusters include governmental and other institutions – such as universities, standards agencies, think tanks, vocational training providers and employers – to provide specialized training, education, information, research and technical support Porter, a Porter, b.
Dosescu, Tatiana Corina [WorldCat Identities]
The specific actions that can be undertaken by the government: This area represented by example by Timis County, in the future may host more than one cluster in areas like textiles, shoes, software. Once resources are exhausted and the work force revolts, industries mmanual themselves. A Harvard Business Review Book, p.
Boudeville demonstrated that regional growth pole has a large number of development sectors, located in urban areas and which are able to generate increased economic activity around the entire area of influence. Click here to sign up. In the three countries there are two types of cluster support schemes: Government policies should be oriented towards supporting the development of existing clusters or in training, rather than towards the creation of new clusters.
In this economic sector there are operating companies that operate exclusively or with a part of production.
Between cluster members there must be mutual trust, and they must share the same objectives and priorities so as to be able to reach an overall coordination in a multi-level context. In developed economies, they communicate, creating genuine network development.
Productivity, with increasing wages and employability of the workforce, are considered the main reasons for increased interest in the formation of clusters. After developing the theory of polarized development, most of the concepts supporting the spontaneous reduction rconomie disparities in regional economic development as the generalization of the process, find theoretical support in various formulations of this theory.
This sector comprises several industries with a mutual enrichment of courses and activities. Biotechnologies, transport and mobility, health and medicine, new materials, manufacturing and engineering, aviation and space, energy and environment, ICT, micro-nano-opto.
Often, clusters are extending to different downstream channels and customers and laterally to manufacturers of complementary products and to the industries related by skills, technologies or common inputs. After the study it was identified the existence of three incipient clusters, in Romania. Hoover Hoover,domestic scale economies are specific to companies; the economies of localizing – to ecknomie certain branch, whose companies form clusters in certain geographical arias, and the urbanization economies are specific to cities, where there are clusters of companies from different branches.
Overall, the role of government is to be the facilitator and participant in public- private partnerships.
Dosescu, Tatiana Corina
economje Cluster theory, launched by Michael E. O1, O3, R1, R5 1. However, innovation is stimulated by facilitating market testing or by new products marketing. Industrial clusters are not simply agglomerations of companies studied over time by A. Alfred Marshall showed that geographical concentration of a particular industry determines specialty suppliers, attracts the workforce as a set of common skills, ensures economic security for the employees, and creates good market for the suppliers and conditions of improving economje specializing the offer.
Using statistical data relatively recently by the European Cluster Observatoryour paper aims at revealing manuwl fact that clusters are linked to prosperity and that it exists a necessity to consider them as a central part of each economic strategy for the European Union member states.
Perroux Francois1 has developed the concept of growth poles growth pole strategy that economic increase manifests itself in growth poles which are located in urban areas, affecting both regional development and the wider economy. A region may become vulnerable if held portfolio of clusters is too concentrated. Although clustering companies is naturally, Romania can encourage cluster development ecojomie supporting efforts that emerging group of companies can do to realize the full potential merger.
There are many definitions of clusters, different from each other and a wide typology of clusters in all industry. Looking in particular the sustainable development of industrial amnual, Porter demonstrated the influence of competitive relations between national industries and economic development, mxnual the model of competitive advantages of national industries.
One of the policies is focused on developing at the European Union level clusters in the high competitiveness fields.
In various studies and research projects there were identified several potential clusters in Romania: These separate units are called growth poles and they can be large companies, industrial sites, important elements of infrastructure port, airport, motorway that by their mere presence attract a lot of other activities or even an urban pole with its own activity.
It is assumed that after the initial phase in which the predominant forces are centralized, centralization poles will lead behind them, the rest of the region or even the entire economy. Moreover, the cluster can often not be the answer to increasing the competitiveness of a region, source may come from elsewhere. Association has a team permanent staff which has a role in: